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Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries
Year : 2021, Volume : 13, Issue : 4
First page : ( 596) Last page : ( 600)
Print ISSN : 0975-4261. Online ISSN : 0975-6892.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-6892.2021.00069.1

Effect of different seed treatments on germination and seedling growth of Solanum surattense

Boomiga M.1*, Suresh J.1, Nalina L.1, Kumar M.2, Gnanam R.3, Rajamani K.1, Uma D.3

1Department of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops, HC&RI, Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu, India

2Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu, India

3Department of Biotechnology, CPMB&B, Tamil Nadu Agriculture University, Coimbatore-641003, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding author e-mail: boomigamani@gmail.com

Online Published on 06 January, 2022.

Abstract

Solanum surattense Burm. F. is a prickly herb widely distributed in arid and semiarid regions of the world and forms an integral part of folklore medicine in India. It is a seed propagated crop with a germination period of 15 days. The present study was taken up with the objective to study the effect of different seed treatments on germination and seedling growth of S. surattense in the year 2020. The seed treatments were (1) water soaking with different time period (4, 8 &12 h), (2) hot water treatment (1, 2 & 3 mins. at 90–100 °C) and (3) treatment with GA3 (500 & 1000 ppm for 12 & 24 h soaking). The seeds treated with GA3 (500 ppm -24 h soaking) showed the highest germination percentage (83.33). While seeds treated with hot water for 2 min yielded vigorous seedling of transplantable stage. The results showed that early germination and vigorous seedlings can be achieved in S. surattense with low-cost methods which in turn could be utilized by the grower to increase the profit.

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Keywords

Germination, Growth regulators, GA3, Seedling characters.

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