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Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries
Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 4
First page : ( 513) Last page : ( 522)
Print ISSN : 0975-4261. Online ISSN : 0975-6892.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0975-6892.2020.00064.7

Ethnobotanical uses, botany, biological and chemical properties of Duranta erecta Linn.

Musara Collen, Aladejana Elizabeth Bosede*

Medicinal Plants and Economic Development (MPED) Research Centre, Department of Botany, University of Fort Hare, Private Bag X1314, Alice, 5700, South Africa

*Corresponding author e-mail: ealadejana@ufh.ac.za

Online published on 18 January, 2021.

Abstract

Duranta erecta is a morphologically variable and polymorphic perennial flowering shrub in Verbenaceae family, originally native to Central and South America. D. erecta is used medicinally for a wide variety of ailments including diuretics, antidote to treat itches, infertility, pneumonia, malaria, intestinal worms, abscesses and neuralgic disorder. It exhibits antioxidant, antiparasitic, antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities against human pathogens. Active chemical ingredients of the plant include caryoptoside, duraterectoside A, durantoside I, durantoside III, lamiide and two lignans namely (+) 5' methoxy isolariciresinol and (-) 5' methoxy isolariciresinol from methanolic extract of D. erecta. Furthermore, the presences of phyto-molecules such as glycosides, saponins and tannins in D. erecta plant extracts can be used to reduce metal ions to nanoparticles in a single-step green synthesis process. In this review, ethnobotanical uses, biological, and pharmacological properties of D. erecta has been discussed.

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Keywords

Duranta erecta, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, Verbenaceae, Zinc oxide.

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