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MUDRA: Journal of Finance and Accounting
Year : 2018, Volume : 5, Issue : 2
First page : ( 70) Last page : ( 84)
Print ISSN : 2347-4467. Online ISSN : 2395-2598.
Article DOI : 10.17492/mudra.v5i2.14331

Impact of Capital Structure on Financial Performance: A Study of Select Automobile Companies in India

Sarkar Rahul1, Choudhary Ram Prahlad2

1Junior Research Fellow (PhD Scholar), Department of Commerce, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India. E-mail: rahul89sarkar@yahoo.com

2Associate Professor, Department of Commerce, University of Calcutta, West Bengal, India. E-mail: ramprahlad77@gmail.com

Online published on 9 April, 2019.


There exists a debate as to whether capital structure variables and financial performance are associated or not. This study aims to understand the movement of shareholders return in the context of capital structure composition. With fifteen years data and sixteen automobile companies, both pooled regression and panel regression (Fixed effects and Random effects models) have been used and the best fitted model have been selected through Hausman test and Wald Test. The best fitted model was found to be the Fixed Effects model and according to that equity and short-term debt affects return on equity (ROE) positively and negatively respectively and both are highly statistically significant. The model explained almost 57% variation in ROE with no autocorrelation problem in error term. The study is of high significance to the investors as well as firms for decision making as the study reveals ROE is fairly explained by Capital Structure composition.



Capital structure, Financial performance, Fixed effects model, Random effects model, Hausman test, Wald test.


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