Parasitosis in domestic animals and birds of Aizawl, Mizoram
An investigation on the prevalence of parasites and parasitic diseases in animals and birds was carried out from March 2001 to August 2002 in Aizawl town and its suburbs. In this noth-eastern state of Mizoram, pigs are very common followed by cattle, dogs and goats. The overall helminthic infections in pigs, cattle and dogs accounted for 22.2%, 18.5% and 46.4%, respectively. Ascaris suum in pigs, Oesophagostomum radiatum in cattle and Diphyllobotrium latum, Dirofilaria immitis and Toxocara canis in dog were the predominant helminths encountered. Of the ectoparasites, ixodid ticks of the genus Boophilus, Rhipicephalus and Haemaphysalis were recorded from cattle, dogs and goats, respectively. Demodex canis was a very common in dogs. Abundant dipteran flies (Tabanus, Haematopota, Musca, Calliphora, Lucilia), fleas (Ctenocephalides canis, Ctenocephalides felis), lice (Heamatopinus suis, Lignognathus spp. Bovicola spp. were also common. Coccidiosis in birds and Balantidium coli in pigs are prevalent. The prevalence of parasitosis vis-a-vis the geographical locations, climatic conditions in this hilly state along the source of animals are discussed.
Parasitosis, Prevalence, North-eastrn Indian state, Mizoram.