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Journal of Soil and Water Conservation
Year : 2018, Volume : 17, Issue : 4
First page : ( 364) Last page : ( 371)
Print ISSN : 0022-457X. Online ISSN : 2455-7145.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2455-7145.2018.00056.5

Hydroponics as an advanced technique for vegetable production: An overview

Sharma Nisha1, Acharya Somen2,*, Kumar Kaushal3, Singh Narendra2, Chaurasia O.P.4

1Research Associate, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), DRDO, C/o 56 APO, Leh-Ladakh, 194101, Jammu and Kashmir

2, Scientist, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), DRDO, C/o 56 APO, Leh-Ladakh, 194101, Jammu and Kashmir

3JRF, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), DRDO, C/o 56 APO, Leh-Ladakh, 194101, Jammu and Kashmir

4Director, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), DRDO, C/o 56 APO, Leh-Ladakh, 194101, Jammu and Kashmir

*Corresponding author Email id: someniari@gmail.com

Online published on 23 January, 2019.

Abstract

Currently hydroponic cultivation is gaining popularity all over the world because of efficient resources management and quality food production. Soil based agriculture is now facing various challenges such as urbanization, natural disaster, climate change, indiscriminate use of chemicals and pesticides which is depleting the land fertility. In this article various hydroponic structures viz. wick, ebb and flow, drip, deep water culture and Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) system; their operations; benefits and limitations; performance of different crops like tomato, cucumber, pepper and leafy greens and water conservation by this technique have been discussed. Several benefits of this technique are less growing time of crops than conventional growing; round the year production; minimal disease and pest incidence and weeding, spraying, watering etc can be eliminated. Commercially NFT technique has been used throughout the world for successful production of leafy as well as other vegetables with 70 to 90% savings of water. Leading countries in hydroponic technology are Netherland, Australia, France, England, Israel, Canada and USA. For successful implementation of commercial hydroponic technology, it is important to develop low cost techniques which are easy to operate and maintain; requires less labour and lower overall setup and operational cost.

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Keywords

Nutrient Film Technique (NFT), water conservation, nutrient management, Hydroponic market.

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