Assessment of the prevalence and predictors of workplace violence against nurses working in referral hospitals of Oromia regional state, Ethiopia
Workplace violence is a serious occupational risk for the domestic and global workforce, accounting for approximately 900 deaths and 1.7 million non-fatal assaults each year in the United States. In British Columbia, nurses have nearly four times the incidence of violence of any other profession. However, no studies have investigated this phenomenon in Ethiopia. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and predictors of workplace violence against nurses working in referral hospitals of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.
Facility based cross sectional study was conducted among nurses working in all referral hospitals of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Two hundred fifteen (215) nurses were selected by simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using structured and pretested questionnaire Data ware entered and analyzed using SPSS software version 16.
Out of 215 nurses expected, 203 nurses participated in the study. Over all 168(82.2%) of the nurses have experienced workplace violence during the previous 12 months. Among these 81.8%,9.9%,47.3%, and 23.2% had history of verbal abuse, sexual harassment, bulling/mobbing and physical violence respectively within the past 12 months. Nurses working in the inpatient departments were 4 times more likely to experience workplace violence than those who did not (AOR=4.326, 95% C.I., 1.594, 11.739. Clients who wait long for service above the recommended time were 3 times more likely to create workplace violence than those who did not (AOR=2.960, 95% C.I.1.214, 7.217).