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Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine
Year : 2014, Volume : 36, Issue : 4
First page : ( 387) Last page : ( 390)
Print ISSN : 0971-0973. Online ISSN : 0974-0848.

Medico-legal Aspects of Firearm Injury Cases in Agra Region

Kumari Sangeeta1,*, Rajput Ajay Singh2, Agarwal Ajay3, Arif Ayesha4, Chaturvedi RK5

1Assistant Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, UP

2Assist. Prof, Dept. of Anatomy, RIMS, Bareilly, UP

3Prof & HOD, Dept. of FMT, S N Medical College, Agra, UP

4Assist. Prof, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, UP

5Prof & HOD, Dept. of FMT, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, UP

*Corresponding Authors E-mail: dr.sangeeta.sahni@gmail.com

Online published on 2 December, 2014.


Firearm injury is one of the important causes of morbidity & mortality in India. A detailed study of medico-legal parameters in firearm injuries cases in Agra region is still lacking. The study was conducted in S. N. Medical College & Hospital, Agra. All the firearm injury cases, from October 2006 to October 2008 were included. Victim's biological details, motive of injury, type of firearm used, shots, diurnal variation of injuries, sites of injury, wound examination and cause of death were studied. Out of 1919 injury cases reported, 240 (12.5%) cases were of firearm injury. In total 240 cases, 90% were male victims and the most common age group was 11–30 years (71.8%). Shotgun, country made gun known as ‘kattas’, were used in 60% cases. Single shot was present in most cases 228 (95%). The most common site of injury was abdomen (30.9%). The fatality rate was 1.2% and hemorrhagic shock (68.9%) as the most common cause of death. In the present study, homicidal motive was the most common in firearm injuries cases and shotgun/kattas was the most common weapon used, as it is indigenously manufactured in Agra region.



Firearm injury, Firearms, Homicide, Shotgun.


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