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Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine
Year : 2013, Volume : 35, Issue : 2
First page : ( 116) Last page : ( 119)
Print ISSN : 0971-0973. Online ISSN : 0974-0848.

Pattern of Ocular Trauma in Tertiary Care Hospital of Kumaon Region, Uttarakhand

Titiyal Govind Singh*, Prakash Chandra**, Gupta Swati***, Joshi Vijay***

*Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Haldwani, Distt: Nainital, Uttarakhand. E-mail: gstitiyal@yahoo.co.in

**Prof & Head, Dept. of Forensic Medicine, Government Medical College, Haldwani

***IIIrd year PG Student, Dept. of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Haldwani

Online published on 15 July, 2013.


Ocular trauma is an important public health hazard. The objective of the study was to determine the pattern of ocular trauma among patients presenting in Dr. Sushila Tiwari Government Hospital, Haldwani. One year retrospective review of records of 165 patients with ocular trauma seen from 1st Feb 2011 to 31st Jan 2012 was done using a structured format. Association between variables were checked by Chi square test and significance was considered when p<0.05. Ocular trauma accounted for 165(1.03%) of the 15,970 ocular patients seen at OPD and Emergency. Of the studied 165 cases, 93 patients were below 30 years of age. M: F ratio was 10:1. 21(12.7%) patients presented to hospital within 2–7 days of injury. Duration of presentation has significant association with the presence of infection & other complication (p<0.05). The cause of injury were road traffic accidents, sports playing & recreational activities and occupational in 54(32.7%), 42(25.5%) and 33(20%) respectively. Closed globe injuries accounted for 54(32.7%) and open globe for 75(45.4%) and adenexal injuries constituted 36(21.8%). Delay in presentation was associated with complications.



Ocular Trauma, Blindness, Open globe injury, Close globe injury.


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