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Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology
Year : 2016, Volume : 33, Issue : 2
First page : ( 90) Last page : ( 94)
Print ISSN : 0971-1929. Online ISSN : 0974-4568.

Diagnosing cardiomegaly using postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) in sudden death postmortem cases

Soon Lai Poh1,*, Saidin Mohamad Hilmi1, Noor Mohamad2, Helmee Mohamad2, Feng Siew Sheue1

1National Institute of Forensic Medicine, HKL, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2Diagnostic Imaging Department, HKL, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author: Email: roysonn1@hotmail.com, Phone: 6017-4709068

Online published on 12 July, 2017.

Abstract

Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) is a simple method used to measure or indicate any abnormality of the heart. It is an aid in detection of cardiomegaly, or more broadly the enlargement of cardiac silhouette. This study is to compare the 3 methods based on the PMCT radiological reading versus the gold standard method using heart weight and 0.5% body weight ±0.05kg (Method D) in sudden death cases at HKL. All the sudden natural death cases that have been scanned using PMCT within Apr-Dec 2015 were included with total sample size of 126. There were 113 males and 13 females within range from 19 to 78 years old based on the convenience sampling. Exclusion criterias are the dead bodies with unknown identity and age below 18 years-old. In this retrospective study, the maximal transverse cardiac diameter “T”, maximal transverse thoracic diameter “C”, both diagonal diameters with long axis “L” and short axis “S” were measured. Three radiological methods were namely Method A: Transverse CTR = T/C; Method B: CTR index = (L+S)/2)/C; and Method C: CTR index = (T+S)/2)/C. Cardiomegaly indicated if CTR or index e”0.5 ±0.05. There was no significance difference with pe”0.05 using Paired-T Test and the decision values did not deviated further among these 4 methods. Only Method B and Method C were both correlate strongly between each other with p<0.05. Chi-Square Test showed the relationship between the decision values of each method used and the decision values of heart-related death (HRD) consistent with cardiomegaly. Method B and Method C have close relationship to HRD. It was clearly shown that Method C was most specific (64%) whilst Method D has the highest percentage (46%) of adjusted sensitivity. It is recommended to always using at least 2 methods to confirm the cardiomegaly cases as no single method be solely the best. As such, postmortem CT scan is very important as an early investigation tool

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Keywords

Cardiomegaly, Postmortem Computed Tomography (PMCT), Sudden Death, Heart Measurement.

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