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Journal of Food Legumes
Year : 2021, Volume : 34, Issue : 2
First page : ( 132) Last page : ( 135)
Print ISSN : 0970-6380. Online ISSN : 0976-2434.

A unique pigeonpea landrace with multiple properties

Sharma D., Reddy L.J., Srivastava Rakesh K., Saxena K.B.*,**

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, 502 324, Telangana, India

*Present address: Villa 19/5 Al Mudaredh, Al Ain City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

**Email: kbsaxena1949@gmail.com

Online published on 16 August, 2021.

Abstract

Diverse landraces play a significant role in breeding sustainable high yielding cultivars with desired traits. This genetic wealth can be used directly as cultivars or as donors for different useful traits. One such landrace of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] is ICP 7035 that was collected from Bedaghat near Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh) and is recognized for its sweet immature (vegetable) seeds, immunity to all three races of sterility mosaic virus (PPSMV). It has resistance to multiple diseases and pests of economic importance. ICP 7035 is also useful in soil conservation and has a wide adaptation. This collection is performing well in the sterility mosaic endemic areas of India, Myanmar and Nepal. Considering its qualities, this landrace is considered a ‘Jewel’ amongst the pigeonpea germplasm and its global demand is very high. Over the last few years ICRISAT has supplied over 300 seed samples to the breeders globally. Direct introductions of ICP 7035 have been released as cultivars in Fiji, China and India.

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Keywords

Cajanus cajan, Disease isolates, Restricted out-crossing, Soluble sugars, Sterility mosaic virus, Vegetable pigeonpea.

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