Blistering Paederus dermatitis caused by medically important beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Paederinae): A review
*Corresponding author's present address: Social Determinants of Health Research Center, and Department of Environment Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article describes blistering Paederus dermatitis, including epidemiology as well its treatment and prevention. Also, this study was conducted to evaluate the geographical distribution of Paederus beetles in Iran through searching for dermatitis linearis related keywords in the databases Web of Sciences, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar. Finally, 49 of the 63 found articles were selected and studied and the data were analyzed. This dermatitis is a necrotic blister that is determined by linear vesiculobullous lesions on pruritus and erythematous bases. Lesions generally are prolonged due to smearing of the crushed beetle on the skin, and they detected largely on exposed skin, in particular the neck and face, thigh, on the forearm and upper arm. Various species of Paederus beetles have been reported in 9 provinces of Iran including Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan in north. They have also been reported in the southern and southwestern provinces of Fars, Hormozgan, Bushehr, Sistan - Baluchestan, Khuzestan and Chaharmahal - Bakhtiari. Most of the regions infested with Paederus beetles in Iran are the major tourist destinations; therefore, educating and raising awareness of people and families traveling as tourists to these areas and habitats of Paederus beetles is of great importance.
Dermatitis Linearis, Epidemiology, Irritant dermatitis, Paederus dermatitis, Paederus sp.