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Journal of Entomological Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 45, Issue : 4
First page : ( 728) Last page : ( 736)
Print ISSN : 0378-9519. Online ISSN : 0974-4576.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4576.2021.00116.X

Survey of organochlorine pesticide residues with emphasis on Iran, an important factor in pollution of environment and human health: A review

Kassiri H., Dehghani R.2*, Karami S.1, Tarazoj F. Asgari2

Department of Medical Entomology, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

1Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

2Department of Environment Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

*Corresponding author's E-mail: dehghani37@yahoo.com

Online Published on 29 December, 2021.

Abstract

The present account addressed the status of organochlorine pesticide residues on the environment in Iran. It was conducted by searching for keywords such as OCPs, pesticide residue, ecosystem, water, soil, and sediments in the websites of prestigious medical and public health journals and top scientific databases. Articles published between 1974 and 2020 were examined emphasizing the review of OCP residues in Iran. The data obtained from the present research was provided in tables and the results were discussed and compared. The results showed that, in the first group of OCPs, the minimum amount that remained in the ecosystem was that of o,p'-DDT and the maximum that of DDE. In the second group of OCPs, Aldrin and Heptachlor had the lowest and highest quantities in the ecosystem, respectively. In the third group, Lindane and p-HCH had the smallest and largest amounts in the ecosystem, respectively. The findings revealed that some residues of the OCPs persisted in the biotic and abiotic environments in different regions of Iran, and continuous monitoring of the residues of these pollutants was one of the important strategies for dealing with this problem.

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Keywords

Chlorinated pesticides, Contamination, Ecosystem, Environment.

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