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Journal of Entomological Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 45, Issue : 2
First page : ( 361) Last page : ( 366)
Print ISSN : 0378-9519. Online ISSN : 0974-4576.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4576.2021.00057.8

Survival and development time of immature stages of the avian malaria vector Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera: Culicidae) under different pH and temperature gradients

Brahim Merabti1,*, Malika Dahmani, Laid Ouakid Mohamed2

1Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Amar Telidji University, B.P. 37, Laghouat, Algeria

2Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Badji Mokhtar University, B.P. 12, Annaba, Algeria

*Corresponding author's present address: Desertification and Climate Team, Mechanics Laboratory, Amar Telidji University, B.P. 37, Laghouat, Algeria, E-mail: ecobiskra@hotmail.fr

Abstract

This study describes the effects of pH and temperature on larval survival and development time of Culiseta longiareolata. Solutions ranging from pH 3 to 13 and temperatures of 15, 20 and 30°C were employed and results revealed that the Cs. longiareolata larvae tolerated pH between 6 and 12; solutions with lower or higher pH killed L1 and L4 larvae. The developmental time of Cs. longiareolata immature lasted 30 ± 1.41, 27.33 ± 0.88 and 24.5 ± 1.20 days at 15, 20 and 30°C, respectively.

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Keywords

Culiseta longiareolata, Larvae, Life cycle, Ph, Temperature.

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