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Journal of Dairying, Foods and Home Sciences
Year : 2010, Volume : 29, Issue : 1
First page : ( 25) Last page : ( 31)
Print ISSN : 0971-4456.

Nutritional Status of Subjects of Hisar City Suffering from Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

Budhwar Savita, Jood Sudesh*

Department of Food and Nutrition, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125 004, India.

*Corresponding author: E-mail: ramjood@rediffmail.com.

Abstract

The study was conducted on 100 subjects (both males and females) suffering from non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) of 30–60 years of age from Hisar city of Haryana. Majority of the respondents were suffering from diabetes for the last 1 to 5 years. Majority of subjects had 120–200 mg/100 ml fasting and 200–300 mg/100 ml postprandial blood glucose level. Dietary intake of the subjects was recorded by 24-hour recall method. The results indicated that NIDDM patients consumed inadequate intake of protective foods like pulses, green leafy vegetables, other vegetables and fruits whereas, the intake of cereals, milk and milk products, fat and oils, sugar and jaggery was higher as per their suggested intakes. Due to higher consumption of energy yielding foods the mean daily intake of energy, total fat, thiamine, calcium and phosphorus was also higher while the intake of protein, fibre, riboflavin, niacin, folic acid and ascorbic acid was inadequate. The average weight of the diabetic subjects was higher as compared to reference standard. With regard to BMI, it was observed that majority (58%) of the diabetic subjects were found in the category of overweight and only 15% in the category of obese. Mean values of waisthip ratio (WHR) and triceps skin fold thickness (TSFT) were also found higher than their standards as they are indicators of causing degenerative diseases.

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Key words

Non-insulin dependent subjects, Diabetes mellitus, Nutritional status.

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