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Journal of Camel Practice and Research
Year : 2014, Volume : 21, Issue : 2
First page : ( 253) Last page : ( 258)
Print ISSN : 0971-6777. Online ISSN : 2277-8934.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2277-8934.2014.00045.9

Comparison of physico-chemical properties of camel milk with cow milk and buffalo milk

Yoganandi Jaydeep2, Mehta Bhavbhuti M.1,*, Wadhwani K.N.3, Darji V.B.4, Aparnathi K.D.1

1Dairy Chemistry Department, SMC College of Dairy Science, Anand Agricultural University (AAU), Anand, Gujarat, India

2Mother Dairy, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

3Department of Livestock Production and Management, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences and Animal Husbandry, AAU, Anand

4Department of Agricultural Statistics, College of Agricultural Information Technology, AAU, Anand, Gujarat, India

*Email: bhavbhuti5@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 26 May, 2015.

Abstract

The comparison was made between various physico-chemical properties of camel milk with cow and buffalo milk. The mean acidity in camel milk was 0.144% lactic acid. Similarly, in cow milk and buffalo milk, it was 0.136% and 0.133% lactic acid, respectively. The mean specific gravity of camel milk was 1.029. Similarly, in cow and buffalo milk, the mean specific gravity was 1.029 and 1.033, respectively. The specific gravity of camel milk was significantly lower than that of the buffalo milk. The viscosity of camel milk was significantly higher than that of the cow milk but lower than buffalo milk. The mean surface tension of camel milk was 58.39 dyne/cm. Similarly, in cow and buffalo milk, the mean specific gravity was 51.77 dyne/cm and 50.78, dyne/cm, respectively. The mean refractive index of camel, cow and buffalo milk was value 1.3423, 1.3459 and 1.3464, respectively. The freezing point of camel milk was -0.518°C which was higher than the cow and buffalo milk. The electrical conductivity of camel milk was significantly higher than the cow as well as buffalo milk.

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Keywords

Acidity, camel milk, electrical conductivity, freezing point, specific gravity, viscosity.

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