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INTAS POLIVET
Year : 2020, Volume : 21, Issue : 2
First page : ( 540) Last page : ( 542)
Print ISSN : 0972-1738. Online ISSN : 2249-8796.

Hand-rearing of sloth bear neonates and its nutritional requirements - Sharing experiences of fifteen year

Arun A. Sha1,*, Ilayaraja S.2, Raj Baiju3

Bannerghatta Bear Rescue CentreBannerghatta Biological ParkBengaluru - 560083 (Karnataka)

1Director- Research and Veterinary OperationsBannerghatta Bear Rescue CentreBannerghatta Biological ParkBengaluru - 560083 (Karnataka)

2Deputy Director, Veterinary SciencesBannerghatta Bear Rescue CentreBannerghatta Biological ParkBengaluru - 560083 (Karnataka)

3Director Biologist, Conservation Projects - WildlifeBannerghatta Bear Rescue CentreBannerghatta Biological ParkBengaluru - 560083 (Karnataka)

*Corresponding author E-mail: arun4webseminar@gmail.com

Online Published on 20 April, 2022.

Abstract

The review is based on our study and experiences of past two decades with hand-rearing of over ninty (90) Sloth bear cubs of different age groups (2 weeks - 2 years) which were confiscated or rescued from various situations like forceful early weaning due to illegal poaching, minimizing the chances of the cubs being completely deprived or received minimal quantity of mother's colostrum milk, making them vulnerable to various nutrition-based health issues, in addition to physiological and psychological stress. The data is based on the study and development of balanced diet for sloth bear cubs according to their essential body nutrients, body weight and age.

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Keywords

Hand rearing, Melursus ursinus, Neonate, Nutrition, Sloth bear.

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