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INTAS POLIVET
Year : 2020, Volume : 21, Issue : 2
First page : ( 382) Last page : ( 385)
Print ISSN : 0972-1738. Online ISSN : 2249-8796.

Ketosis in dairy animals

Bansod A.P.1,*, Jadhao A.D.2, Surjagade R.S.3

Department of Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI)Izatnagar, Bareilly - 243122 (Uttar Pradesh)

1Doctorate Scholar Department of Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI)Izatnagar, Bareilly - 243122 (Uttar Pradesh)

2Post Graduate Scholar (Veterinary Pathology), Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary and Animal Science (PGIVAS), Krishi Nagar, Akola

3Post Graduate Scholar (Veterinary Pathology), College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, AAU, Anand, Gujarat

*Corresponding author. E-mail: ashvinibansod17@gmail.com

Online Published on 20 April, 2022.

Abstract

Ketosis is a metabolic disease in dairy cattle recorded in late pregnancy or early lactation stage. This mini-review depicted the prevalence rate, treatment, economic losses and dietary management. It is observed by increase in ketone bodies specially p-hydroxybutyrate in blood. It is divided as primary and secondary ketosis. Primary ketosis causes due to insufficient glucose supply to cattle which cause negative energy balance whereas secondary ketosis occurs as a result of concurrent disease which may cause anorexia. Prevalence rate of ketosis is closely related to diet and farm management and also it is identified to be closely related to animal's genetics. Concentration of serum p-hydroxybutyrate between 1,200-1,400 imol/L is usually threshold for definition of ketosis and clinical (wasting and nervous) and sub-clinical ketosis are two differentially aspects of ketosis in dairy cattle, which are defined according to presence or absence of clinical signs of ketosis in cattle. Prevention of ketosis based on body score evaluation, efficient diet, periodic blood, milk and/or urine screening for ketone bodies’ detection in dairy cattle farms are the best methods to early detection of ketosis in animals which can be easily applicable in dairy cattle farms and improve the production rate and economic rate. Treatment of ketosis is depending on the condition of animals.

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Keywords

P-hydroxybutyrate, Late pregnancy, Ketosis, Ketone bodies.

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