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INTAS POLIVET
Year : 2020, Volume : 21, Issue : 2
First page : ( 345) Last page : ( 347)
Print ISSN : 0972-1738. Online ISSN : 2249-8796.

Fortified urea molasses mineral mixture block (UMMMB) for improving conception rate and milk production in dairy animals - A farm study

Choudhary Govind Kumar1,*, Dwivedi Vishvendu2, Kumar Rajesh3

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR)Bhadohi - 221301 (Uttar Pradesh)

1Subject Matter Specialist Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR)Bhadohi - 221301 (Uttar Pradesh)

2Senior Scientist and Head Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (IIVR)Bhadohi - 221301 (Uttar Pradesh)

3Assistant Professor, College of Agriculture, BAU, Sabour, Bihar

*Corresponding author. E-mail: drgovindvet2003@gmail.com

Online Published on 20 April, 2022.

Abstract

The study was aimed to assess the effect of urea molasses mineral mixture block (UMMMB) fortified with Azolla dried powder feeding on regularization of estrus in dairy animals and improving milk production. Buffaloes (8; age group 5–9 years) of which 06 were in anestrus and 02 were repeat breeder and Cows (29; age group 4–5 years) of which 20 were repeat breeder and 09 were anoestrus were selected and dewormed on first day and from next day all animals were allowed to lick UMMMB fortified with dried Azolla powder @ 200–250 grams daily for 90 days. Observations on all closely monitored dairy animals revealed an average increase of milk production from 0.85–1.5 litres per animal per day in 50 percent of the animals. The 50 percent animals were in estrus and conceived also. The fodder intake was also increased following UMMMB supplementation and deworming in dairy animals. Moreover, some of the anestrus buffaloes came in heat during the study period however, after 20–30 days of completion of trial. 75% (08/06) of the buffaloes and 80% (16/20) came in heat and conceived to first impregnation. The study concluded that anthelmintic drugs decreases the parasitic load and UMMMB fortified with Azolla dried powder being a good source of energy, protein and minerals improved milk yield, dry matter intake, general health status and reproductive performance in dairy animals.

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Keywords

Anestrous, Azolla, Dairy, UMMMB.

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