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Year : 2020, Volume : 21, Issue : 2
First page : ( 333) Last page : ( 335)
Print ISSN : 0972-1738. Online ISSN : 2249-8796.

Ruminant probiotics - An overview

Kulkarni Nitish A.1,*, Chethan H.S.2

Animal Physiology DivisionICAR-National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal - 132001 (Haryana)

1Doctorate Scholar Animal Physiology DivisionICAR-National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal - 132001 (Haryana)

2Doctorate Scholar, Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and ObstetricsICAR-National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal - 132001 (Haryana)

*Corresponding author. E-mail: kulkarni.nitish97@gmail.com

Online Published on 20 April, 2022.


Probiotics are viable, non-pathogenic microorganisms exerting beneficial effects on health of humans and animals. Commercially, probiotics are used extensively to effectively modify gut microflora thus enhancing animal health and productivity. Ruminants principally depend on microbial degradation of their feed instead of direct enzymatic digestion. Probiotics are used in ruminant feeds majorly for increasing milk production, improve digestibility, enhanced growth of nonpathogenic rumen microflora, stabilization of intestinal microflora, nutrient utilization and immunomodulation. Probiotic applications have proven to minimize negative environmental consequences, such as methane emissions associated with anaerobic fermentation of ruminants. Due to such enormous advantages, there is a growing interest in the use of probiotics for research purposes as well as its application in field condition.



Probiotic, Rumen, Ruminant, Yeast.


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