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INTAS POLIVET
Year : 2020, Volume : 21, Issue : 2
First page : ( 267) Last page : ( 287)
Print ISSN : 0972-1738. Online ISSN : 2249-8796.

Nutrients and their effect on immunomodulation in animals

Yadav Renu1, Mondal B.C.2, Chauhan R.S.3,*

Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUAT)Pantnagar - 263145 (Uttarakhand)

1Doctorate Scholar, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUAT)Pantnagar - 263145 (Uttarakhand)

2Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUAT)Pantnagar - 263145 (Uttarakhand)

3Professor/Head, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology (GBPUAT)Pantnagar - 263145 (Uttarakhand)

*Corresponding author. E-mail: profchauhan58@gmail.com

Online Published on 20 April, 2022.

Abstract

Nutrition plays an important role in preventing metabolic disorders post calving and during lactation. Metabolic process dysfunctions are associated with malfunctioning of separate parts or the whole organism. Metabolic disease or disorder is interference of one or more metabolic processes associated with regulation of certain metabolite in body fluids. Metabolic disorders such as ketosis, fatty liver syndrome, hypocalcaemia etc can have major effect not only on cow's lactation, but also on fertility. Vitamins are essential amines and have significant role as nutrients. Nutrients play significant role in control of host immune defence as well as balancing the physiologic and pathologic conditions. Hypervitaminoses usually occur in fat soluble vitamins, which are stored in liver and fatty tissue of body. Macro-minerals and trace elements are essential for all physiological functions and support optimal growth, health condition, immune system, productivity and reproduction. For better functioning of a lot of enzymes and proteins, trace elements are required, which are implied in various physiological, biochemical and metabolic processes that regulates growth and production. Adequate antioxidant concentrations such as Selenium (Se) and Vitamin E not only maintain the health and performance of ruminants but also ensure high productivity. Role of nutrients in immunomodulation in food producing animals is to regulate immunity for the benefit of animal health and production efficiency.

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Keywords

Immunity, Immunomodulation, Mineral, Nutrient, Vitamin.

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