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Indian Journal of Veterinary Research (The)
Year : 2015, Volume : 24, Issue : 1
First page : ( 11) Last page : ( 14)
Print ISSN : 0971-4251. Online ISSN : 0974-0171.

Epidemiological and clinical studies on canine mammary tumors

Hemanth I.1, Kumar R., Varshney K. C.*, Nair M. G., Kumar B. Ramesh2, Sivakumar M.3, Thanislass J.4

Dept. of Veterinary Pathology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Puducherry

1Dept. of Veterinary Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, College of Veterinary Science - Proddatur, Andhra Pradesh

2Dept. of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Puducherry

3Dept. of Veterinary Anatomy, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Puducherry

4Dept. of Veterinary Biochemistry, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Puducherry

*Email: kcvarshney54@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 26 October, 2015.

Abstract

Epidemiological and clinical features of different canine mammary tumors were investigated. A total of 54 tumor samples were collected from 51 dogs. The mean age of mammary tumor occurrence was 11.68±0.454 years. Pure breed dogs were more affected (76.47%) than mongrels and among pure breeds, Pomeranian and Spitz was found to be affected most (30.77% each). All the mammary tumors were recorded in females only and the occurrence was highest among intact bitches (88.24%) than spayed animals. Among the different glands, inguinal pair were most affected (29.03%), followed by caudal abdominal, cranial abdominal, cranial thoracic and caudal thoracic pairs. Clinically, the tumors were presented in varied size, shape and consistency. While the large sized and ulcerations were associated with histological malignancy, small sized tumors were usually of benign nature.

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Keywords

Benign, Canine, Clinical signs, Epidemiology, Mammary tumors, Malignant.

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