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Year : 2007, Volume : 31, Issue : 2
First page : ( 160) Last page : ( 162)
Print ISSN : 0250-4758. Online ISSN : 0973-970X. Published online : 2007 December 1.

Clinico-pathological and haemato-biochemical changes in buffaloes with sarcoptic mange

Dimri U.1,*, Ranjan R.1, Singh S.K.1, Sharma M.C.1, Swarup D.1, Dwivedi P.2, Sharma A.K.2, Kataria M.3

1Divisions of MedicineIndian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, 243 122 (UP)

2PathologyIndian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, 243 122 (UP)

3BiochemistryIndian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, 243 122 (UP)

*Corresponding author.

Abstract

Concentrations of free fatty acids (FFA), P-hydroxybutyrate (P-OHB) and total protein in serum and packed cell volume and haemoglobin levels were estimated. Buffaloes with clinical sarcoptic mange had significantly (P<0.05) lower total protein and higher FFA and P-OHB concentrations in serum as compared to healthy animals. In buffaloes with subclinical mange, values did not differ significantly from healthy control, though the trend was similar to the clinical mange group. Packed cell volume and haemoglobin concentration were also significantly (P<0.05) lower in animals with clinical mange. Clinical examination revealed poor body condition and presence of skin lesions in form of alopecia, thickened skin, dry, exudative crusts and haemorrhagic and non-haemorrhagic fissures. Histopathological examination of skin revealed hyperkeratinization of epidermis with loss of hair follicles and sebaceous glands and presence of inflammatory cells in the dermis. In liver, histopathology revealed focal areas of congestion and and hemorrhages, dismentling of hepatic cords and cytoplasmic vacuolization in hepatocytes. The present study revealed sarcoptic mange in buffaloes is associated with marked changes in skin, liver and haemato-biochemical parameters indicative of nutritional status.

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Keywords

Buffalo, P-hydroxybutyrate, Fatty acid, Haematology, Mange, Pathology, Sarcoptic.

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