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International Journal of Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 31) Last page : ( 48)
Print ISSN : 2231-3907. Online ISSN : 2231-3915.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2231-3915.2016.00007.9

Herbicides and Earthworm population

Singh Vandana, Singh Keshav*

Vermibiotechnology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur, 273 009, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author Email: keshav26singh@rediffmail.com

Online published on 15 October, 2016.


Vermibiotechnology is the technique for management of biological wastes in to valuable rich nutrients vermicompost which is the best alternative of chemicals fertilizers for growth and productivity of crops. Since last decade abundant used of chemical fertilizers and herbicides have been made our soil sick and problematic. Herbicides are the plant growth hormones or chemicals generally use by large to small farmers for remove unwanted weeds devoid any proportional ratio. The earthworms are a bio-indicator of soil habitat. The continuous use of herbicides decreased the earthworm population in soil which ultimately declined the natural soil fertility. In this review summarized the toxic effect of herbicides on the earthworm population in different combinations of feed materials along with soil.



Agro-wastes. Soil. Herbicides. 2, 4-D, Butachlor, Toxicity, Earthworms, Eutyphoeus waltoni.


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