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The Indian Journal of Small Ruminants
Year : 2001, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 19) Last page : ( 24)
Print ISSN : 0971-9857.

Effect of enhanced pre-partum concentrate feeding on Kidding and lactation performance of stallfed crossbred goats

Jash Soumitra, Singh Charan, Gupta A.K.

National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal- 132001, (Haryana)

Received:  4  October,  2000; Revised:  19  October,  2000.

Abstract

An experiment on 38 crossbred goats (Alpine x Beetal, Saanen x Beetal) maintained at the Institute flock under stallfed conditions was conducted to study the effect of enhanced concentrate feeding for 46 days pre-partum on subsequent kidding performance, milk composition and milk yield till 70 days of ensuing lactation. Animals were grouped into three treatment groups (T1, T2, T3) receiving 400, 600 and 800 g per head per day of the Institute formulated concentrate mixture, respectively with ad-lib green Berseem. Total dry mater intake (DMI) per animal per day was 3.24, 2.93 and 2.79% of the average body weight in T1, T2 and T3) groups respectively. Total DMI g per kg metabolic body weight (w0.75) were 81.78, 76.96 and 76.33 in the three groups respectively. C.P. intake per animal per day was 0.29 in T1, 0.24 in T2 and 0.24 kg in T3. It was observed that 84.62, 76.92 and 75.00% of the goats gave normal birth in the three groups. The birth weight of kid was highest in T3 (3.53 kg), followed by T2 (3.51 kg) and T1 (3.23 kg), T3 and T2 differed significantly from T1 for birth weight. The body weight loss at kidding were 11.26, 11.08 and 9.60 kg respectively indicating that higher supplementation compensated the body weight through better efficiency of utilization. It was concluded that feeding 200 g concentrates over and above the requirement is good under stallfed conditions for goats in advance and late pregnancy stages.

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Keywords

Lactation performance, Goats, Crossbred goats.

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