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Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy - An International Journal
Year : 2015, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 87) Last page : ( 92)
Print ISSN : 0973-5666. Online ISSN : 0973-5674.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0973-5674.2015.00019.2

Efficacy of Compound Resisted Exercises on Functional Gait Parameters of Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Rashij M1,*, Rai HR2, Priya Siva3, Das Sinil4, Nikhil NP5, Linshina T6

1PhD Scholar, Orthopedics, Nie University, Mangalore

2Professor and Head, Orthopedics, Nie University, Mangalore

3Physiotherapist, Goodlife Clinics, Coimbatore

4Director, VKM Child Development Centre, Valancheri, Kerala

5Assistant Professor, Physiotherapy, Nie University, Mangalore

6Physiotherapist, VKM Special School, Valancheri, Kerala

*Corresponding Author: Rashij M, PhD Scholar, Nitte University, Mangalore. E mail shiju9999@gmail.com

Online published on 5 January, 2015.



To study the efficacy of “Compound Resisted Exercises” on gait parameters of spastic CP


Informal experimental design (before and after no control group design)


Child Development Centre, Valancheri, Kerala


26 spastic cerebral palsy children with a mean age of 4.6 years, including 9 male and 18 females were studied for a total duration of 8 months. All the children were selected following strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study group was a mix of children with crouching, hemiparesis and vertical knee stiffness. Following the baseline evaluation procedures, the children were treated with specially structured compound resistance exercises under the NSCA guidelines. Post intervention data were collected at the end of 4 months of training.

Outcome Measures

Gait speed, 1 minute walk test, timed up and go test, 30 seconds sit to stand test, 10 meter walk test, Community Balance and Mobility scale, “Modified Ashworth Scale”


The pre and post test values were treated statistically using SPSS software. Student ‘t’ test and Wilcoxon signed rank sum test were used to study the significance. Also an analysis was done to assess the effects of the intervention on subgroups of CP


Compound resistance training is effective to improve the gait parameters in spastic cerebral palsy children. Children with crouching demonstrated superior improvements in the gait parameters compared to children with hemiparesis and stiff knee



Spastic Cerebral PalsyGait ParameterCompound Resisted ExercisesTypes of CP gaits.


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