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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 4
First page : ( 174) Last page : ( 178)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.00278.4

Macronutrient Status in Children Aged 1–6 years in and around Pondicherry

Reddy E. Prabhakar1,*, Geetharani R.2, Kumar K. M. Roop3, Lakshmi T. Mohana4,  Rajini5

1Professor of Biochemistry and Central Lab Head, Sri Lakshmi Naryana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry

2Professor of General Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Naryana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry

3Associate Professor of Forensic Medicine, Sri Venkateswara Medical college, Pondicherry

4Research scholar in Microbiology, Sri Lakshmi Naryana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry

5Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Sri Lakshmi Naryana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry

*Corresponding Author: E. Prabhakar Reddy Professor of Biochemistry and Central Lab Head, Sri Lakshmi Naryana Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, Mobile No. +91 9159186879 Email ID: drpebyreddy@yahoo.com

Online published on 5 May, 2018.

Abstract

Low blood lipid and protein levels are known to be affected from inadequate intakes of protein and energy. Our aim is reported the protein and lipid nutritional status of school children aged 1–6 years in Pondicherry., India. All children aged 1–6 years (N = 200; 100 boys, 100 girls) from government schools of pondicherry. A whole blood sample of 3 mL was obtained from all the students and it was measured for total protein, albumin, globulin, lipid profile. All biochemical values obtained were compared with the reference values by age. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance were used to analyse the data Only 3–7% of the study children had serum total protein at or below 6.1 g% which indicated low serum total protein. None of them had low serum albumin (<3.5 g%). Most children had serum total cholesterol level lower than 170 mg% and serum LDL-C level less than 130 mg%. Only 12–18% of children had hypercholesterolemia. Not many Government school children aged 1–6 years had low blood protein levels. Only 1/6 of children had high hypercholesterolemia. They were from very poor family.

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Keywords

Nutritional status, Lipid profile, Protein, Children.

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