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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 12
First page : ( 1875) Last page : ( 1879)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.02263.5

The Transformation of Free Aceh Movement (GAM) from Armed Movement into Political Movement: Strategy and Chalenges of Aceh Party (PA)

Akmal M.1, Muchsin Misri A.2, Jamil T.M.3, Yusuf Rusli4

1Lecture in Political Science Department Universitas Malikussaleh

2Student in Doctoral Program of Social Science Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala

3Lecture in History and Culture Department UIN AR Raniry

4Lecture in Doctoral Program of Social Science Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Online published on 2 February, 2019.

Abstract

This study aims to describe the transformation process of GAM's Free Aceh Movement from armed movements to political movements after the signing of the Peace MoU between GAM and the Government of Indonesia, and to investigate the strategies and challenges of GAM through the Aceh Party (PA) in carrying out the Aceh peace vision and mission to prosper the people of Aceh. This research was conducted using a qualitative approach and analyzed interpretatively on the data collected through interviews, observation, and documentation. This study found that the transformation of GAM into PA has colored politics in Aceh where the presence of local political parties that can attract the attention of the Acehnese so far has dominated the victory both in the executive and legislative ranks. Many GAM fgures occupy strategic positions in the Aceh government. The PA strategy is political empowerment from grassroots to elites at the provincial level by appointing charismatic fghters, representative political recruitment between young and old groups, as well as the right political education methods in the community to attract PA victory. However, in the 4-period political journey of PA in realizing the mandate of peace, has experienced several challenges. Internal conficts both horizontally and vertically have colored the political dynamics of PA. The right political education is expected to realize the expectations of the people of Aceh in accordance with the mandate of the Helsinki Peace MoU.

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Keywords

GAM, PA, Aceh Peace.

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