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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2018, Volume : 9, Issue : 11
First page : ( 1729) Last page : ( 1733)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.01693.5

The effect of young coconut water against morning sickness among women in the first trimester of pregnancy

Ariestini Tri Ratna1,*, Purnomo Windhu2

1Doctoral Program of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia

2Department Biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Tri Ratna Ariestini, Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, Indonesia, Email: tri.ratna.ariestini-2017@fkm.unair.ac.id

Online published on 7 December, 2018.

Abstract

Introduction

Morning sickness is experienced by approximately 70% to 90% of women in their first trimester of pregnancy. The slowing motility of the gastric muscles due to the influence of pregnancy hormones causes an increase in the amount of stomach acid that irritates the gastric mucosa. Pregnant women experience nausea, vomiting, bloating, frequent burping, sour taste, bitterness, loss of appetite, and discomfort which causes the loss of fluids and some essential minerals, such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.

Method

Using a randomized control trial with pretest posttest method, we employed a total of 74 women in the first trimester pregnancy complaining of nausea and vomiting. The intervention group received a daily dose of young coconut water of 300 ml for a week. The control group received 300 ml of mineral water with added sugar for a week. The morning sickness scores before and after the treatment were analyzed statistically using the independent t-test.

Results

The provision of young coconut water reduces the morning sickness scores at an average of 11.19 in the intervention group, while the control group only have a slide reduction of the average morning sickness score at 20.00. The treatment of the intervention group who consumed young coconut water had a significant effect at p-value = 0.042.

Conclusion

Consuming young coconut water provides a significant effect on decreasing symptoms of morning sickness in the first trimester of pregnancy.

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Keywords

Young coconut water, morning sickness, the first trimester pregnancy.

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