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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2017, Volume : 8, Issue : 4
First page : ( 612) Last page : ( 620)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2017.00405.3

A Prospective Evaluation of 150 Individuals to Analyze the Cause and Effect Relationship of Morbid Obesity towards Certain Co-Morbidities

Shreekumar Aditi1, Yeravdekar Rajiv2, Shah Shashank3, Shah Poonam4

1Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India

2Dean, Faculty of Health and Biological Sciences, Professor & Director Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International University Pune, India

3Laparo-Obeso Centre, 2143, Vijaynagar Colony, Pune, India

4Bariatric Physician, Laparo-Obeso Centre, Pune

Online published on 29 December, 2017.

Abstract

Purpose

People are unable to find a cause and effect relationship between obesity and its co-morbidities. This paper attempts to evaluate perception of morbidly obese Indian patients towards obesity and related disorders.

Methods

Data of 150 obese patients undergoing Bariatric Surgery of which 57 were males and 93 females, with a mean pre and post op BMI 46± 17 and BMI 39± 16 was evaluated prospectively with a questionnaire to see presence of commonly seen obesity related co-morbidities like Type II Diabetes, Hypertension, etc as induced by Obesity.

Results

Outof 150 patients 100% patients had one or more multiple co-morbidities. In the present study the % of patients who correlated these co-morbidities with obesity as a cause was 20%, 40%, 100%, 7%, 10%, 10%, 0%, 60%, 65%, 0%, 0%, 100%, 60%, 10%, 5%, 0% out of 100% for Type II Diabetes, Hypertension, DOE, Snoring, Acanthosis, PCOD, Migraine, Depressive Symptoms, Lethargy, Urinary Incontinence, Hirsutism, Joint Pain, Oedama, Varicose Veins, Gynacomastia and GERD respectively.

Conclusion

Many co-morbidities related to Obesity like Acanthosis, PCOD, Migraine, Varicose Veins, Gynacomastia and GERD (<50%), were not perceived by patients as induced by obesity. Even Depressive Symptoms, Lethargy and Oedama did not have 100% correlation in the patient's perception. There is a huge scope for educating population and creating awareness.

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Keywords

Bariatric Surgery, co-morbidities, cause-effect relationship, Morbid Obesity.

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