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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 8
First page : ( 2798) Last page : ( 2802)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.02296.4

Parental Self-Efficacy on Temper Tantrum Frequency in Children

Fauziah Yunita1, Efendi Ferry1,*, Pratiwi Ika Nur1, Aurizki Gading Ekapuja1

1Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Ferry Efendi Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia Email: ferry-e@fkp.unair.ac.id

Online published on 26 September, 2019.


Although typical in children between the ages of 18 months and 4 years, temper tantrums can be predictive of maladaptive outcomes, particularly if they continue into later ages. Parental self-efficacy (PSE) has emerged as a powerful mediator of children temperament and a predictor of specific positive parenting practices. This study aimed to determine the correlation between PSE and temper tantrum frequency in children aged 2–5 years. This study was a correlational research. Ninety-six parents of children aged 2–5 years participated in this study. The Self-efficacy for Parenting Task Index-Toddler Scale and Multidimensional Assessment of Preschool Behaviour Problem were used to assess the study variables. The data was analysed using Spearman's rank correlation test. The statistical test results showed a significant correlation between parental self-efficacy and temper tantrum frequency (p-value = 0.000; r =-0.669). The majority of respondents had a moderate level of PSE, and most of the children had low temper tantrum frequency that was mostly expressed with screaming, stamping feet and holding breath. It can be concluded that there was a correlation between PSE and temper tantrum frequency in children aged 2–5 years in a negative direction, which means the higher the PSE, the lower the temper tantrum frequency.



Temper Tantrum, Self Efficacy, Children Health.


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