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Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 970) Last page : ( 974)
Print ISSN : 0976-0245. Online ISSN : 0976-5506.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00213.4

Estimation of Heavy Metal Concentration for Sediments of Shatt Al-Basrah Canal by using Ecological Indices

Zahraw Zahraa1, Maktoof Afrah Abd2, Al-Obaidy Abdul Hameed M.J.1, Kareem Luay M. Abdul3, Shakir Eman1, Hassan Sarah Mustafa1

1Environmental Research Center, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq

2Biology Department, Science Collage, University of Thi-Qar, Iraq

3Technical Institute of Basrah, Southern Technical University, Basrah, Iraq

*Corresponding author: Zahraa Zahraw, Environmental Research Center, University Of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq; E-mail: zahraa.zahraw@gmail.com

Online published on 21 February, 2019.

Abstract

This study was conducted to describe the distribution of metals in sediment of Shutt Al-Basra canal south of Iraq, where involved the measuring of four substantial metals Cd, Cr, Fe and Mn in residue for five locations. For the estimation of heavy metals effect a three indices was utilize; Contamination Load Index (PLI) and Sediment Quality Criteria (QSm) and Metal Index (MI). The concentration of metal appear to be uniform distribution and have an identical pattern and it didn't exceed the acceptable level over the research time (2014–2015) except Iron were its concentration exceed the limit all the time in all stations. The result of the indices for the 5 stations was as following: PLI (1.3411, 1.24340, 1.1658, 1.1665, 1.4392), QSm (0.86355, 0.95191, 0.72032, 0.67163, 0.87784) and MI (2.45, 2.8, 1.88, 1.68, 2.51) respectively.

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Keywords

Heavy Metal, Sediments, Shatt Al-Basrah, Canal.

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