Studies on varietal performance of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.)
Chaudhary A.S.1, Sachan S.K.2, Singh R.L.1
1Krishi Gyan Kendra of SVBPUAT, Krishi Utpadan Mandi Samiti Parisar, Pilibhit Road, Izatnagar, Bareilly - 243122, (U.P.), India
2Department of Entomology, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut, 250 110, (U.P.), India
A field experiment was conducted in the year 2002–03 and 2003–04 at Bareilly, district of UP in randomized block design with four replications using five varieties of turmeric viz. Krishna, Suvarna, Rajendra Sonia, Suguna and Sudarshana. Average of two years pooled data revealed that the variety Krishna recorded highest fresh (405.60 q/ha) and cured rhizome (65.80 q/ha) yield followed by Rajendra Sonia and Suvarna, while in curing percentage, Suvarna (20.68%) was found to be superior followed by Rajendra Sonia and Krishna. With regard to rhizome numbers and their size, Krishna produced more rhizomes (11.48), maximum length (10.20 cm) and girth (2.45 cm) followed by Rajendra Sonia. The varieties Suvarna, Rajendra Sonia, Suguna and Sudarshan were found to be early duration types (190 to 210 days) compared to Krishna, which matured relatively late (255 days). Krishna recorded significantly highest shoot dry weight (19.54 g) followed by Rajendra Sonia (17.96 g) at maturity.
Turmeric. performance, varieties, Curcuma longa.