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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 123) Last page : ( 124)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00031.4

Caplan's syndrome

Kavitha D*

Tutor, College of Nursing, Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Para Medical Science, Coimbatore

*Corresponding Author E-mail: dkavikumar@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.


Caplan's syndrome is characterized by the presence of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis associated with a specific form of pneumoconiosis, consisting of multiple, well-defined homogeneous rounded opacities on chest X-ray. It develops especially in miners working in anthracite coal-mines and in persons exposed to silica and asbestos. In the development of the disease, genetic factors are considered to play an important role by influencing immunological reactivity of the organism exposed to various heteroantigens.

Case History

Mr. Nataraj 56 yrs who admitted in a private hospital with cough and shortness of breath in conjunction with features of rheumatoid arthritis, such as painful joints and morning stiffness for the past 2 months.he is the known case of hypertension, asthma.on the day of admission, he was conscious and oriented.he was treated by bronchodialators, steroids, nsaids, antihypertensives.



Caplan disease or rheumatoid pneumoconiosis, Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), Black lung disease.


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