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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 9) Last page : ( 13)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00003.X

The impact of structured awareness programme on cancer prevention among urban population of Assam

Devi Bandana12,*

1Principal, Arya Nursing College, Kamrup, Assam

2Ph D Scholar, Srimanta Sankaradeva University of Health Sciences, Guwahati, Assam

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bandana_nst@yahoo.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.

Abstract

Background

Cancer is a leading cause of death globally. According to Indian Council of Medical Research's latest report, fresh cases of cancer annually among men will increase from 4.47 lakh in 2008 to 5.34 lakh by 2020.1 The national incidence of cancer is approximately 100 to 130 individuals per 1,00,000 but in the Northeast, according to the population-based cancer registry of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the incidence is highest with Assam alone adding roughly 26,000 new cancer patients every year.2

Objectives

The present study aimed to assess baseline knowledge on risk factors of cancer and its preventive aspects followed by structured awareness programme and assessing the effectiveness of the programme among urban population of Assam.

Method

A Quantitative evaluative research approach with an interventional pre experimental design (One Group Pre test Post Test Design) is adopted to assess the impact of structured awareness programme on cancer prevention among urban population of Assam. Total 177 samples were selected by using Multistage random sampling followed by purposive sampling technique. Structured interview questionnaire, Modified Cancer Prevention Module were used as tools to collect data. Content validity of the tool was obtained from 10 experts and reliability was determined by Internal consistency using Split Half method. Collected data were analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results

The finding shows that before structured awareness program on cancer out of 177 selected urban population 39 (22.0%) had low, 115 (65.0%) had medium and 23 (13.0%) had high knowledge on risk factors of cancer. The finding shows that before structured awareness program on cancer out of 177 selected rural population 33 (18.6%) had low, 107 (60.5%) had medium and 37 (20.9%) had high knowledge on preventive aspects of cancer. Before structured awareness program on cancer, mean score for knowledge on risk factors were 14.2 whereas after structured awareness program on cancer, mean score for knowledge on risk factors were 38.68. Hence, before structured awareness program on cancer, mean score for knowledge on preventive aspects were 12.97 whereas after structured awareness program on cancer, mean score for knowledge on preventive aspects were 17.56. Before structured awareness program on cancer, mean score for knowledge on risk factors and preventive aspects were 27.17 whereas after structured awareness program on cancer, mean score for knowledge on risk factors and preventive aspects were 56.25. So, it is concluded that the structured awareness program on cancer improved the knowledge on risk factors and preventive aspects of cancer for urban population of Assam. There is significant increase of knowledge on risk factors of cancer (24.48±3.01, n=177), t (176)= 108.148, P=.001 and preventive aspects (4.60±2.20, n=177), t(176)= 27.800, P=.001after awareness program on cancer. It is concluded that there is significant increase of knowledge on risk factors and preventive aspects (29.08±3.80, n=177), t (176)= 101.699, P=.001 after awareness program on cancer. Finding suggests that there was no association between knowledge as a whole (on risk factors and preventive aspects) with age (Chi Sq=6.19; df=6; P=.402), gender (Chi Sq=1.14; df=2; P=.566), educational qualification(Chi Sq=5.07; df=6;P=.534) and occupation (Chi Sq=2.86; df=6; P=.826).

Conclusion

It suggests that t- values are significant at P= <.001, so null hypothesis is rejected and concluded that the knowledge on risk factors and preventive aspects on cancer are increased among urban population after structured awareness program on cancer. So, it is concluded that there is significant impact of structured awareness program on cancer among urban population of Assam.

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Keywords

Impact, Structured awareness programme, Cancer, Prevention, Urban population.

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