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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2021, Volume : 9, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 4)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2021.00001.6

Effectiveness of laughter therapy on level of stress and assertiveness among elderly at old age homes in selected areas

Ms. Walke Rupali Subhash*

Mental Health (Psychiatric) Nursing, Lecturer, Vijaysinh Mohite Patil College of Nursing and Medical Research Institute, Akluj, Dist Solapur, State Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rupaliw35@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.

Abstract

Background

Elders usually exhibit multiple health problems with complex interactions. Elderly people come voluntarily and some by force to the old age home. The level of stress and depression is more in those elderly people residing in old age home than those elderly people living with families. Elderly people residing in old age home have a feeling of hopelessness, helplessness and worthlessness. Now a day’s most of the elderly people are isolated from families.

Aim of the Study

The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of laughter therapy on level of stress and assertiveness among elderly at old age homes in selected areas.

Methods

Evaluative approach. A one group pre test and post test (pre experimental) design was used for study. Probability cluster sampling technique was used for selection of sample.60 elderly people were selected as per availability and fulfillment of the preset criteria. A modified stress assessment scale and modified Lloyed SR assertiveness scale was used to assess the study variables.

Results

Before administering the laughter therapy, they had level of stress score in pretest, 53.3% of the elderly had moderate stress (Score 43-63) and 46.7% of them had severe stress (Score 64-84). After administering the laughter therapy, they had in posttest, 41.7% of the elderly had mild stress (Score 22-42) and 58.3% of them had moderate stress (Score 43-63). This indicates that the stress level of the elderly improved remarkably after laughter therapy. Before administering the laughter therapy, they had level of assertiveness score in pretest, 53.3% of the elderly at old age home had difficulty being assertive (score 10-20), 43.3% of them were nonassertive (Score 20-30) and 3.3% of them were naturally assertive (Score 30-40). After administering the laughter therapy, they had level of assertiveness score in posttest, 86.7% of them were nonassertive (Score 20-30) and 13.3% of them were naturally assertive (Score 30-40). This indicates that the assertiveness of the elderly at old age homes improved remarkably after laughter therapy.

Conclusion

The findings showed that laughter therapy had a positive effect on level of stress and assertiveness among elderly at old age homes in selected areas and improved the signs of physical, psychological as well as their social function.

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Keywords

Laughter Therapy, Stress Assertiveness, Elderly, Old age homes.

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