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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 4
First page : ( 525) Last page : ( 528)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00116.7

Effectiveness of self-instructional module on prevention of osteoporosis among middle aged women who are attending orthopaedic outpatient department in selected hospital, Bangalore

Mr. George Rijo*

Assistant Professor, AKG Memorial Cooperative College of Nursing, Kannur, Kerala

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rijogeorgep84@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.


A Quantitative evaluative approach, pre-experimental - one group pre-test, post test design was chosen for the study. This study was undertaken in the Out-Patient Departments of selected hospital, Bangalore. The samples for the present study comprised of 50 middle aged women who are attending OPD were selected through convenient sampling- a non probability sampling technique. A self-administered structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge on prevention of osteoporosis among middle aged women.


Regarding demographic variables majority 44% of samples were in the age group of 45-50 years of age, majority 50 % of them were Hindus, 48% of them had primary education, highest 28% of them were daily wages, highest 38% of them have income below Rs.5000, highest 76% of them have mixed diet, highest 64% of them have history of fracture which is a risk of osteoporosis diseases, highest 62% of their family members have family history of Osteoporosis and highest 26% of them have did not get information from any of the sources. The overall knowledge in pre test knowledge was 41.1% with mean score 12.34±4.2 whereas in post test was 80.01% with mean score 24.04±2.1. The difference between pre and post test knowledge score was 39.0% with mean score 11.70±3.7. It reveals that SIM was effective to improve middle aged women knowledge level. Over all paired ‘t’test, value was 22.24. It shows that highly significant association was found between pre and post test knowledge score. Significant association was found between posttest knowledge score of the middle-aged women with their demographic variables such as age, food pattern, previous history of illness and family history of osteoporosis. However, no significant association was found between religion, education, occupation, family monthly income and source of information.



Osteoporosis, Middle aged women, Prevention, Self Instructional Module, Outpatient department.


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