A descriptive study to assess the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its impact on the activities of daily living among the nursing students
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Dysmenorrhea is the painful menstruation in which majority of women experiences some degree of cramping, especially in the first year of their reproductive life. The aim of this study is to estimate prevalence of dysmenorrheal and its impact on activities of daily living among nursing students.
Material and Methods
A Quantitative and descriptive research design was adopted to assess the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its impact on daily activities among nursing students in Army College of Nursing. A total of 105 students were taken as a sample of study and Non Probablity Convenient Sampling Technique was adopted to collect the data. A Standardized Numeric pain rating scale was used to assess the prevalence of Dysmenorrhea and self structured Activities of daily living Scale was used to assess the impact of Dysmenorrhea on Activities of daily living.
Results depicted that among 105 samples, 57.14% was having mild Dysmenorrhea, 20.96% was having moderate Dysmenorrhea and 21.90% was having severe dysmenorrhea. The association between dysmenorrhea and selected Activities of Daily living was determined by using “Chi Square test” and “t-test” to establish statistical significance. Hence all the activities was statistically significant with Dysmenorrhea at 5% level of significance i.e. they have influence on dysmenorrhea.
The study highlights that almost half of the samples, i.e. 57.14% was having mild Dysmenorrhea and 45.71 % was having mild affect on daily activities and prevalence of dysmenorrheal were more in the age group of 17-19 years. All the activities are strongly associated with Dysmenorrhea.