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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 4
First page : ( 445) Last page : ( 449)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00099.X

Effectiveness of therapeutic educational program on knowledge regarding foot care among patients at risk of developing diabetic foot

Kaur Ramanpreet1, Kaur Davinder2,*, Gupta Rajinder Singh3

1M. Sc Student, Gian Sagar College of Nursing, Ram Nagar, Rajpura, Patiala

2Principal, Gian Sagar College of Nursing, Ram Nagar, Rajpura, Patiala

3Prof. and Ex-Head of Department (Medicine), Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ram Nagar, Rajpura, Patiala

*Corresponding Author E-mail: dav6aug@gmail.com

Online published on 27 April, 2021.

Abstract

Foot problems are common complication in people with diabetes mellitus. Frequent foot assessments and education by health professional can help the patient to prevent foot problems. This study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic educational program on knowledge regarding foot care among patients at risk of developing diabetic foot. After approval from the ethical committee, randomized controlled trial conducted in medicine O.P.D of Gian Sagar Medical College and Hospital, Ram Nagar, Rajpura, District Patiala, Punjab on 60 patients at risk of developing diabetic foot assessed by Nova Scotia form. Patients were randomly allocated in experimental and control group. Knowledge questionnaire and brochure developed. Content validity index was (98%) and reliability was (0.9). After evaluating baseline knowledge in both groups, brochure provided to experimental group and post test was conducted after 2 weeks. Collected data analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The study findings revealed that brochure showed significant increase (p<0.05) in mean knowledge scores of patients at risk of developing diabetic foot in experimental group regarding foot care as compared to control group. This study concluded that therapeutic educational program (brochure) was effective in increasing knowledge about foot care in patients at risk of developing diabetic foot.

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Keywords

Effectiveness, Therapeutic educational program, Diabetic foot.

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