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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 32) Last page : ( 34)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00006.X

Efficacy of Deep Breathing Exercise on dyspnoea among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients

Jayasheela Heera*

Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Pravara Institute of Medical) Sciences (DU), Loni (Bk) District, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: heera.jayasheela00@gmail.com

Online published on 24 February, 2020.

Abstract

Dyspnoea is the common symptom experienced among COPD patients which leads to limitation of activities of daily living and patients seeks frequent hospitalization for care and rehabilitation. A quasi experimental study with control group design evaluative approach was undertaken to assess the Efficacy of Deep Breathing Exercise on dyspnoea among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted at Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni (Bk)

Objectives

1. Assess the pre test dyspnoea score in study and control group.2. Evaluate the effectiveness of deep breathing exercise among study group 3. Associate the post test scores with selected demographic variables of study group COPD patients.

Method

A total of 60 patients (30 each for study and control group) were enrolled using non probability convenient sampling technique. The independent variable was deep breathing exercise and dependent variable was dyspnoea among COPD patients. Inclusion criteria of samples included COPD patients above 35 years, having mild to moderate dyspnoea. Data was collected by using structured socio-demographic profile and Modified Borgs Dyspnoea scale.

Result

The findings of the present study shows that there was significant (p<0.05) reduction of dyspnoea in study group as compared with control group. Chi-Square test shows that there is a significant association between demographic characteristics namely; History of active smoking, Duration of exposure to pollutants, Duration of Illness in study group (p<0.05) and remaining characteristics are not significant (p>0.05).

Conclusion

This study showed the deep breathing exercise had reduced dyspnoea among COPD patients.

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Keywords

Efficacy, Deep Breathing Exercise, Dyspnoea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

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