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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2020, Volume : 8, Issue : 1
First page : ( 6) Last page : ( 12)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2020.00002.2

Effect of Interventions on Reducing the Risk of Thrombophlebitis among IV Cannulated patients

Devi Shiwani1, Kanika2,*, Jaswal Pooja3, Dr.Mrs. Sarin Jyoti4

1M. Sc. (Nursing) Student, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, M.M College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

2Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, M.M College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

3Assistant Professor, Department of Community Health Nursing, M.M College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

4Principal Cum Professor, M.M. College of Nursing, Maharishi Markandeshwar (Deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: nehukanu@gmail.com

Online published on 24 February, 2020.

Abstract

A quasi experimental study was done to assess the effect of proximal massage, palm fisting and hot application on reducing the risk of thrombophlebitis among 105 IV cannulated patients admitted in selected hospital of Ambala Haryana. The sample was selected by purposive sampling technique and divided into four groups: PFG (15), PMG (30), HAG (30) and CG (30). The interventions used were palm fisting exercise, proximal massage, and hot application. Data was collected by using VIP scale and VRS scale. Findings revealed that pre test and post test phlebitis mean rank scores at 3rd day were 2.00 (Z=-1.73, p=0.08), 5.00 (Z=-2.89, p=0.00), 6.00 (Z=3.13, p=0.00) and 8.04 (Z=-3.3, p=0.00) in PFG, HAG, PMG and CG respectively and pain scores were 5.50 (Z=-3.05, p=0.00), 7.00 (Z=-3.29, p=0.00), 4.50 (Z=-2.59, p=0.01) and 8.50 (Z=-3.63, p=0.00) in PFG, PMG, HAG, and CG respectively. There was an association of risk of thrombophlebitis with method of drug administration (H=1, p=0.04) and with use of anticoagulant drugs (H=1, p=0.04) in PFG group and pain score with method of drug administration (H=5.0, p=0.05) in PFG and age (Y=10.48, p=0.01) in CG. The use of hot application was most effective and palm fisting exercise was least effective.

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Keywords

Effectiveness, Proximal massage, Palm fisting, Hot application, Thrombophlebitis, IV cannulated patients.

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