Evidence-Based Practice-A Key to Quality Patient Care
Corresponding Author E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In all parts of the world, nursing has experienced a profound culture change over the past few decades. Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and conduct research, and to base their professional practice on emerging evidence from research-that is to adopt an Evidence Based Practice (EBP). Evidence-based practice is a conscientious, problem-solving approach to clinical practice that incorporates the best evidence from well-designed studies, patient values and preferences, and a clinician's expertise in making decisions about a patient's care. EBP implements the most up to date methods of providing care, which have been proven through appraisal of high quality studies and statistically significant research findings. The seven steps of EBP are-Cultivate Spirit of Inquiry, Ask Clinical Question, search for and collect relevant evidence, critically appraise the evidence, integrate the evidence, evaluate the outcome and disseminate the outcome. CINHAL, MEDLINE (PubMed), evidence base. abstraction journals ect are few resources to avail best evidences for practice. After appraising the evidence, it is necessary to integrate it with the provider's expertise and patient's preferences. The patient is encouraged to practice autonomy and participate in the decision-making process. Adequate knowledge, attitude, skill and support are key to apply Evidence in to practice. There are so many professional and individual barriers which are needed to be overcome in order to implement EBP in clinical setting in order to achieve quality of nursing care.
Evidence based practice, EBP, Quality Patient care, evidence-based nursing, critical evidence.