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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 4
First page : ( 611) Last page : ( 612)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00137.6

Lithopaedion

Cherian Vigy Elizebth

Assistant Professor, Sharda University, Greater Noida, NCR, Delhi

Online published on 7 April, 2020.

Abstract

Lithopedion (litho = stone; pedion = child) that evolves to fetal death and calcification. It is the other name given to an extra-uterine pregnancy. It is a rare phenomenon that mostly comes under an abdominal pregnancy. Lithopedion were first discovered in 1557. The incidence of abdominal pregnancy is 1: 11, 000 pregnancies and lithopedion seen in 1.5 to 1.8% of these cases. In world medical literature there have been less than 300 cases in 400 years due to the increase in inflammatory pelvic disease and uterine tubes surgery and also there has been an increase in ectopic pregnancy. It is encountered condition; an undiagnosed and untreated advanced abdominal pregnancy is present. The dead fetus is retained in the maternal abdominal body and later followed by calcification of the foetus1. Due to medical and pre-natal care becoming more accessible to the population the occurrence of abdominal pregnancy and lithopedion has tended to become even rarer with the possibility of early diagnosis and treatment of the pathology.

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Keywords

Abdominal pregnancy. Lithopedion. Lithokelyphopedion. Fetal death.

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