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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 4
First page : ( 517) Last page : ( 525)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00114.5

A Pre-experimental Study to assess the effectiveness of self-instructional module on knowledge and attitude regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy among married men in selected Urban area of Delhi

Ms. Arora Chander Jyoti1,*, Prof. Mrs. Nandan Lavanya2, Ms. Sunny Ann Gladis3

1Student, Nightingale Institute of Nursing, Noida

2Director, Principal of Nightingale Institute of Nursing, Noida

3Assistant Professor, Community Health Nursing Department, Nightingale Institute of Nursing, Noida

*Corresponding Author E-mail: chanderjyotiarora@gmail.com

Online published on 7 April, 2020.

Abstract

No-Scalpel Vasectomy technique was introduced in India in 1992 to increase male participation in family planning. In spite of best efforts made by Government of India, failed to achieve its goal.

Statement

“A pre-experimental study to assess the effectiveness of Self-Instructional Module on knowledge and attitude regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy among married men in selected urban area of Delhi” with the objective to assess the effectiveness of Self-Instructional Module on level of knowledge and attitude regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy. A quantitative research approach with pre-experimental design and Non-probability convenient sampling technique was adopted. The sample consisted of 50 married men between age 21–40 years. Structured knowledge questionnaire having 20 items and 3 points Likert Scale consisting 10 items were administered to married men on the 1st day. The Self-Instructional Module was administered on the 1st day. Post-test was conducted on the 8th day. Data obtained were analysed and result showed knowledge score of married menin pre-test was 41(82%) inadequate, 8(16%) moderate and only 1(2%) had adequate level of knowledge and in post-test only 2(4%) inadequate, 26(52%) moderate, 22(44%) had adequate level of knowledge regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy. Mean pre-test knowledge score of the sample was 7.36 and mean post-test knowledge score of married men was 15.1 with the standard deviation 3.43 and 2.83 respectively. The attitude scores of married men in pre-test 8 (16%) unfavourable attitude, 31 (62%) neutral and only 11(22%) had favourable attitude. In Post-test none (0%) had unfavourable attitude, 19 (38%) neutral attitude, 31 (62%) percent had favourable attitude regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy. Mean pre-test attitude score of the married men was 13.1 and post-test mean attitude score of was 16 with the standard deviation 3 and 2.21 respectively. The difference was found to be statistically significant as evidence from “Z” test value is 12.308 and 5.503 respectively which is greater than table value (1.96) at 0.05 level of significance. Finding showed association between post-test knowledge scores with their selected demographic variables educational status and source of knowledge received regarding No Scalpel Vasectomy were found to be significant as p = 0.001 and 0.005 respectively whereas there was no significant association between post-test attitude score with their selected demographic variables at 0.05 level of significance by using chi-square with yates correction test. The study concluded that the Self-Instructional Module was effective in improving the level of knowledge and attitude scores of married men regarding No-Scalpel Vasectomy. There is need to develop and design information material on No Scalpel Vasectomy to fill information gap and improve its adoption.

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Keywords

Effectiveness, Self-Instructional Module, knowledge, attitude, No-Scalpel Vasectomy.

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