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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 4
First page : ( 467) Last page : ( 470)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00104.2

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on the Preventive Measures of Suicidal Ideation among the Adolescents in selected Higher Secondary Schools of Mehsana District

Dr. Patidar Jayesh.1,*, Mr. Darji Satish Kumar2

1HOD of Mental Health Department, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu, Dist.: Mehsana

2nd Year M.sc Nursing Student, Joitiba College of Nursing, Bhandu, Dist.: Mehsana

*Corresponding Author E-mail: jay31patidar@gmail.com

Online published on 7 April, 2020.

Abstract

Introduction

Suicide is an act of taking once own life voluntarily. The word suicide is derived from two Latin words Sui meaning self and “cedere” meaning to kill oneself. Hence suicide is an act of willfully ending one's own life. Suicide is a type of deliberate self-harm (DSH) and is defined as a human act of self-intentioned and self-inflected cessation (death). Most often it ends with a fatal outcome. Removing suicide from the category of sin and crime, it was considered a psychiatric illness only from 19th century. Suicide was not discovered to be disease, it was declared to be one” (vilza veith, 1969).1 The rate of suicides and suicide attempts increases tremendously during adolescent period. Suicide is the third-leading cause of death for 15-to 24-year-olds, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It even surpassed only by accidents and homicide.2

Design

A quantitative approach using pre experimental pre-test post-test design with one group.

Participants

100 Adolescents Higher secondary school were selected using Non-Probability Convenient sampling technique in Mehsana District.

Interventions

Structured teaching was given to the Adolescents.

Tool

Self-Structured Knowledge Questionnaire was used to assess the level of Knowledge among Adolescents.

Results

In this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the Age group 91% (16–17 year), Gender 50% (Female) And 50% (Male), Religion 90% (Hindu), Father Education status, 33% in secondary education, Mother Education primary education (35%), Standard of study, 50% in 11th and 50% in 12th standard, Stream 58% (Arts), Type of family 83%(Joint family), Monthly income 47% belongs to (Above 15000 Rs.), Area of residence (51%) Urban, 73% adolescent have previous knowledge regarding suicidal ideation, Academic performance 84% belongs to good categories, (The post-test Knowledge mean and SD score (16.74 ± 4.41) was higher than the mean pre-test Knowledge score (12.16 ±4.16). The calculated ‘t’ value (42.64) was greater than the table value (1.98) at 0.05 level of significance. The Structured teaching Programme was effective in increasing the Knowledge of preventive measure of suicidal ideation among Adolescents. Chi-square test is used to associate the level of knowledge of pre-test with their selected demographic variable.

Conclusion

The findings of the study revealed that structured teaching programme helps in improving Knowledge regarding preventive measure of suicidal ideation among Adolescents.

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Keywords

Assess, Effectiveness, Preventive Measure, Suicidal Ideation, Structured teaching, Adolescent.

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