A Study to Determine the Effectiveness of Guided Imagery Technique on Stress and Quality of Life among Diabetics Patients in a selected Rural Area, Bangalore
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
Diabetes epidemic: 98 million people in India may have type 2 diabetes by 2030. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India had 69.2 million people living with diabetes in 20151. Depression is more common in patients with diabetes than in the general population and is associated with chronic hyperglycemia, risk for diabetes complications, and mortality. The prevalence of clinical depression or major depressive disorder (MDD), among adults with diabetes may be two to three times greater than among community adults2. Guided imagery, can profoundly affect the state of a patient's mind. Guided imagery teaches the patient the skill of creating a mental image. In the case of diabetes, this mental image may reflect the patient's own perception of his or her diabetes3.
To assess the stress before and after the guided imagery technique among diabetic patients in a selected rural area, to assess the quality of life before and after the guided imagery technique among the diabetic patients in a selected rural area, to test the association between mean difference in stress and demographic variables among diabetic patients in a selected rural area, to test the association between mean difference in quality of life and demographic variables among diabetic patients in a selected rural area.
A sample of 30 diabetic patients of Anugondanahalli Village, Bangalore was selected by a quasi experimental approach with one group Pre-test and Post-test design was adopted for the study. Data were collected by using structured interview schedule of stress and structured questionnaire on quality of life developed by the investigator. After conducting the pre test, the investigator provided Guided Imagery technique and post test were conducted and the data were analyzed in terms of both descriptive and inferential statistics.
During stress test, the mean value of the test was 114.67 and post stress test value was 42.80 with the t value t=34.965. The obtained value was higher than the table value, t= 34.965 which is significant at 0.05. It shows that there was a significant difference between stress level before and after the GIT intervention among 30 diabetic patients. The mean value of total quality of life is 114.6333 and post test total quality of life is 54.3333 with t value t=21.738. The obtained value was higher than the table value, t= 21.738which is significant at 0.05. Its shows that there was a significant difference between total quality of life score before and after the GIT intervention.
Effectiveness, Guided imagery technique, Stress, Quality of Life, Diabetic patients.