A Descriptive Study to Assess the Level of Knowledge of B. Sc Nursing 3rd Year Students regarding New Born Care in S.G.R.R.I.M.H.S. College of Nursing Dehradun, Uttarakhand
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One of life's most wondrous moments. Few experiences can compare with this event. Newborn babies have amazing abilities, yet they are completely dependent on others for every aspect-feeding, warmth, and comfort. In the first hour or two after birth, most babies are in an alert, wide awake phase. This offers a wonderful opportunity for parents to get to know their new baby. A baby will often turn to the familiar sound of the mother's voice. A baby's focus of vision is best at about 8 to 12 inches-just the distance from the baby cradled in a mother's arms to her face. Newborn undergo physiological changes at the moment of birth, as they are released from a warm, snug, dark liquid-filled environment that has met all of their basic needs, into a chilly, unbounded, brightly lit, gravity-based outside world. Within minutes after being plunged into this strange environment, a newborn's body must initiate respirations and accommodate a circulatory system to extra-uterine oxygenation. How well the newborn makes these major adjustments depends on his or her genetic composition, the competency of the recent intrauterine environment, the care received during the labour and birth period, and the care received during the labour and birth period, and the care received during the newborn or neonatal period from birth through the first 28 days of life. The percentage distribution of B. Sc. nursing 3rd year students of S.G.R.R. College of nursing Dehradun according to their age group shows that 7% of student nurses were age group of 16–20 yrs. 73% of student nurses were age group of 21–22 yrs. 20% of student nurses were age group of 23–24. The percentage distribution of BSc nursing students according to their residence shows that 93% of students were lives in urban community area and 7% student nurses were lives in rural community area. In this study the percentage distribution of student of B. Sc nursing 3rd year in S.G.R.R. college of nursing Dehradun, on their level of knowledge regarding new born care shows that they were having 16% of student of B. Sc nursing 3rd year having adequate knowledge which comes under scoring key (26–28), 37% student having moderate knowledge which comes under (23–25), 37% student having mild knowledge which comes under (20–22) and 10% students having inadequate knowledge which comes under scoring key (below 20). This was all value which comes after correcting the unstructured question to assess the level of knowledge of students of B. Sc. nursing 3rd year regarding new born care. The comparison level of knowledge of students of B. Sc. nursing 3rd year according to their previous knowledge shows that 13% students(yes) have adequate previous knowledge regarding new born care, 27% students have moderate knowledge, 37% student have mild level of previous knowledge, 6% students have inadequate level of knowledge.3% students who have no previous knowledge regarding new born care comes under adequate level of knowledge, 10% student have comes under moderate level of knowledge, 3% student have inadequate previous knowledge.
Knowledge, New Born Care.