A Study to assess the effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Brucellosis and its Prevention among animal handlers residing in selected rural area of Bagalkot District
*Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com
The World Health Organization reported that, half million new human cases are reported annually worldwide and these numbers are greatly underestimated the true incidence of human disease as the actual number of cases is estimated to be at least 10 times the figures officially announced. Brucellosis in India is very common but often neglected disease. India is an agricultural country and exposure to animals is quite high. It is primarily an occupational hazard transmitted directly or indirectly to man. Cattle farmers, dairy workers, shepherds, veterinarians, abattoir workers and animal husbandry personnel are particularly at risk. It has been estimated that the true incidence may be 25 times higher than the reported incidence due to misdiagnosis and underreporting.
Materials and Methods
Pre-experimental research design with one group pre test post test without control group was used. The 30 study subjects were selected through convenient sampling technique. Data was collected by means of a Structured Closed Ended knowledge Questionnaire by interview schedule. Data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical in terms of mean, frequency distribution, percentage‘t‟ test and chi-square test.
The results of the study clearly indicated that in pre test, out of 30 subjects 27 (90%) had average knowledge followed by 1(3%) subjects with poor and 2 (7%) with good knowledge regarding brucellosis disease (post test) 17(56.66%) subjects had excellent knowledge followed by 13 (43.33%) with good knowledge and 0(0%) subjects with average knowledge regarding brucellosis Comparison of mean percentage of the knowledge scores of the pretest and posttest reveals an increase of percent in the mean knowledge score of the animal handlers after PTP. Comparison of area wise mean and SD of the knowledge scores in the area of “Indications of brucellosis disease” shows that the pretest mean percentage of the knowledge score was 16.3 percent with SD 1.6 whereas post-test mean percentage of knowledge score was 24.43 Percent with mean and SD 1.88. This shows an increase of 8.13 percent in the mean percent of knowledge scores 0f animal handlers.
Effectiveness, planned teaching programme, prevention, Knowledge, brucellosis, animal handlers.