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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2019, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 41) Last page : ( 48)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2019.00009.7

A Study to assess the effectiveness of normal saline mouthwash on the prevention of Oral Mucositis among patients receiving chemotherapy in selected hospital Maldives

Mr. Ajin R. S.*

Registered Nurse, Hulhumale Hospital, Maldives

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bethelajin.r.s@gmail.com

Online published on 16 March, 2019.

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to assess the effectiveness of normal saline mouth wash on the prevention of oral mucositis among patients receiving chemotherapy in selected hospital at Maldives.

The Aim of the study is:

  1. To assess the presence of oral mucositis among patients receiving chemotherapy after treating with normal saline mouth wash.

  2. Associate the presence of oral mucositis among patients, receiving chemotherapy after administration of normal saline mouth wash with their selected demographic variables. Research approach-Quantitative research approach was used. Research design-The research design selected for the study is true experimental design (post test only control group design). Research tool and research technique-The tool to collect data from the selected samples consists of two sections. Section-A: Demographic Variables. Section-B: WHO Mucositis Assessment Scale. Study reveals that the patients receiving chemotherapy 16.67% had no oral mucositis, 23.33% had mild oral mucositis, 30% had moderate oral mucositis, 30% had severe oral mucostitis, no one had very severe oral mucositis after using normal saline mouth wash. The present study reveals that experimental group 16.7% of sample had none mucositis, 23.33% had mild mucositis, 30% had normal mucositis, 30% had severe mucositis and no one had very severe mucositis after administration of normal saline. In control group 0% had none mucositis, 3.3% had mild mucositis, 46.7% had moderate mucositis, and another 50% had severe mucositis and none of them had very severe mucositis. From the percentage of frequency studied, we found out that the normal saline mouth wash control for level of oral mucositis for cancer patient receiving chemotherapy. There will be no association between occurrence of oral mucositis among patients receiving chemotherapy after administration of normal saline mouth wash and their selected demographic variables viz age, gender, education, occupation, income religion, dietary pattern, family history of illness.

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Keywords

Normal saline, Chemotherapy, Mucositis.

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