Effectiveness of Planned Health Teaching on Knowledge and Attitude of Substance Abuse among Children (Age group of 10–15 yrs) in Selected Schools of Pune City
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A survey (2008) revealed that 63.6% of patients coming in for treatment were introduced to drugs at a young age below 15 years. According to another report 13.1% of the people involved in drug and substance abuse in India, are below 20 years. Another survey shown that drug and alcohol use by almost 300 high school students in both special education and general education settings. The researchers found that students with emotional/behavioral disorders in restrictive settings reported using a much wider range of drugs and were more likely to be currently using cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana than their peers in less restrictive settings and in general education classes.
The study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of planned health teaching on knowledge and attitude of substance abuse among school children and to correlate knowledge and attitude of children towards substance abuse with selected demographic variables.
The study was conducted in selected English medium schools. The reason for selecting these schools was convenience, easy transport, administrative support and cooperation and availability of subjects.
Children between the age group of 10–15 years studying in selected schools.
Methods and materials
Systematic random sampling technique was used. The sample size for the present study was 100 children between the age group of 10–15 years in selected schools. The sample size was calculated based on prevalence rate of substance abuse among children in India. The tool for data collection consists of the following sections: Section I: Questionnaire to assess demographic and socio-economic profile, Section II: Semi structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge, and Section III: Attitude scale.
There was highly significant difference between pre and post test knowledge score as the p value was <0.0001. Investigator found that the planned health teaching was found to be effective in improving knowledge and positive attitude of school children regarding substance abuse. There was significant association between pre test knowledge score and gender, education and attitude score and monthly income.
It was concluded that the study group gained knowledge in all the content areas of planned health teaching. Thus, planned health teaching was found to be effective in improving knowledge and positive attitude regarding substance abuse.
Knowledge, attitude, substance abuse, school children and health teaching.