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International Journal of Nursing Education and Research
Year : 2018, Volume : 6, Issue : 1
First page : ( 101) Last page : ( 106)
Print ISSN : 2347-8640. Online ISSN : 2454-2660.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2454-2660.2018.00025.X

A Correlation Study to Assess the Relationship of Menstrual Irregularities, body Mass Index (BMI) and Hemoglobin (HB) level among Adolescent Girls in Selected College at Mysuru.

Abraham Merlin1,*, Mrs. Lissa J2, Prof. Williams Sheela3

1M. Sc Nursing Student, JSS college of Nursing, Mysuru

2Assistant Professor, Obstetrics and Gynaecological Nursing, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

3Principal, JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru

*Corresponding Author E-mail: merlinmundackal@gmail.com

Online published on 24 May, 2018.


Background of the study

In India adolescent girls, who constitute a sizable segment of its population and form a crucial segment of the society as they are the potential mothers and future homemakers. An adolescent girl requires all nutrients in good quantities not just for the rapid growth but also to obtain optimal storage for later requirements during pregnancy and lactation. Menstruation, an important part of female reproductive cycle but menstrual irregularities in adolescent girls may affect normal life of adolescent and young adult women. Low level of hemoglobin and nutritional status often expressed as BMI are frequently correlated with menstrual irregularities among the females in different age groups.


The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of menstrual irregularities, body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin (Hb) level among adolescent girls in selected college at Mysuru.


In this study, correlational survey design was used and nonprobability convenient sampling techniquewas adopted to select 100 adolescent girls, from JSS College for women Mysuru. Pilot study was conducted, the tool and study design were found to be feasible. Menstrual profile of the adolescent girls were assessed by conducting semi structured interview schedule, BMI was calculated by measuring the weight and height of the adolescent girls and Hb level estimated by using Sahil's method. The tool was validated by experts and reliability was established by calibration. The data were collected and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics.


The study results revealed thatmajority 64 (64%) of adolescent girls were attained their menarche within the age group of 13–15 years. In menstrual cycle interval majority 90 (90%) were having normal interval, 50 (50%) of the samples were having normal BMI and 47 (47%) of adolescent girls were having normal Hb level. The analysis of the findings also revealed that, the relationship between age at menarche and BMI among adolescent girls was found to be significant r =-0.26 at 0.05 level of significance. There was no significant relationship between menstrual irregularities and Hb level of adolescent girls. The results showed that, the relationship between BMI and Hb level of adolescent girls also found to be significant r = 0.61 at 0.05 level of significance. The findings also showed that, there is no association of BMI of adolescent girls with their selected personal variables. The computed chi-square values to ascertain the association of Hb level of adolescent girls with selected personal variables were found to be significant for type of diet χ2 value = 6.83 at 0.05 level of significance.


The study concluded that, there is relationship between Menstrual irregularities, BMI and Hb level among adolescent girls. So it is recommended that there is a need for conducting an awareness program among adolescent girls regarding the healthy eating habits and regular exercise. And provision periodical health check-up should be made available for all the adolescents in College level.



Menstrual irregularities, BMI, Hb level and adolescent girls.


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